World Heritage Sites in India

India is a land of diverse cultures. The variations in physical, climatic conditions and the extent of exposure to other cultures have greatly influenced the traditions and culture of the different regions. There is an underlying basic factor common to the whole of India, with variations in the practices based on their local needs and influences. Further, the greatness of India has been in accepting the best from all the invaders and intermingling the new customs and styles with the existing – this is visible in all aspects – music, dance, painting, sculptures, architecture.

There are 32 World Heritage Sites in India that are recognised by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as of 2014. These are places of importance of cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[3] The Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage was adopted on 17 November 1997 following the General Conference of the UNESCO held from 17 October 1972 to 21 November 1972. India’s first two sites inscribed on the list at the Seventh Session of the World Heritage held in 1983 were the Agra Fort and the Ajanta Caves. Over the years, 30 more sites have been inscribed, the latest being the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve in 2016. Of these 32 sites, 25 are cultural sites and the other seven are natural sites. A tentative list of further sites/properties submitted by India for recognition includes 51 sites. The cultural sites in India are marked by their brilliant craftsmanship on stone. Most of the temples of India which are inscribed on this list are built in stone, without any mortar and with sculpture carved on it.

List:

Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam
Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh
Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi
Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, Bihar
Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
Red Fort Complex,Delhi
Churches and Convents of Goa
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat
Group of Monuments at Hampi
Great Himalayan National Park
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh
Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh
Ajanta Caves
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
Ellora Caves
Elephanta Caves
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipura
Sun Temple, Konârak
Keoladeo National Park
Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
Great Living Chola Temples
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh
Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
Hill Forts of Rajasthan
Mountain Railways of India
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)
Sundarbans National Park
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam

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