Mathura the cultural heritage

Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Agra, and 145 kilometres (90 mi) south-east of Delhi; about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from the town of Vrindavan, and 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Govardhan. It is the administrative centre of Mathura District of Uttar Pradesh. During the ancient period, Mathura was an economic hub, located at the junction of important caravan routes.

The 2011 census of India estimated the population of Mathura to be 441,894. Mathura is the birthplace of Krishna at the centre of Braj or Brij-bhoomi, called Shri Krishna Janma-Bhoomi, literally: ‘Lord Krishna’s birthplace’.[citation needed] It is one of the seven cities (Sapta Puri) considered holy by Hindus. The Keshav Dev Temple was built in ancient times on the site of Krishna’s birthplace (an underground prison). Mathura was the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled by Kansa the maternal uncle of Krishna.

Mathura has been chosen as one of the heritage cities for HRIDAY – Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India.

Places to Visit in Mathura

1. Krishna Janma Bhoomi Mandir

Krishna Janma Bhoomi Mandir” is known to be the birthplace of the Hindu deity Lord Krishna who was the 8th incarnation of the deity Lord Vishnu. The God king was said to be born in a prison cell and the exact location of the prison cell is now occupied by a temple that is frequented by thousands of tourists each year. The best time to visit is during the festival of Janmashtami and Holi when the festivities are at their prime.

2. Jama Masjid

The Islamic mosque was built in 1662 AD by the governor of the Mughals, Abd-un-Nabi. Jama Masjid in Mathura is one of the major historical monuments in Uttar Pradesh. The mosque houses the tomb of the Mughal governor and is located close to the aforementioned Krishna Janma Bhoomi Mandir.

3. Dwarkadhish Temple

A fairly new temple in the ancient city of Mathura, the Dwarkadhish Temple was established around 150 years ago by a devotee of Lord Krishna. The temple is known for its amazing swing festival at the start of the monsoons in this region. The Lord Krishna depicted in the idol here is in his “King of Dwarka’ form and is depicted without the peacock feather and the flute.

4. Kusum Sarovar

places to visit in mathura

A fairly new temple in the ancient city of Mathura, the Dwarkadhish Temple was established around 150 years ago by a devotee of Lord Krishna. The temple is known for its amazing swing festival at the start of the monsoons in this region. The Lord Krishna depicted in the idol here is in his “King of Dwarka’ form and is depicted without the peacock feather and the flute.

5. Radha Kund

The town is considered to be a major pilgrim spot for the Vaishnavites in India and is known to be the place where Lord Krishna slew a Demon Bull. The pool of the Radha Kund is said to be formed by Lord Krishna who struck the earth and the water emerged at this spot. the pool is considered to be the most sacred and the various pilgrims frequent the place in thousands of numbers. 

6. Kans Qila

Also known as Kans Fort, the Kans Qila is named after Lord Krishna’s maternal uncle and was built by Raja Mansingh I of Jaipur. Raja Mansingh was one of the Navratnas of the Mughal emperor Akbar. The fort is built in a unique Hindu and Mughal styled architecture near the banks the the Yamuna River.

7. Mathura Museum

Formerly known as Curzon Museum of Archeology, the Mathura Museum was constructed in the year 1874. The museum due to its unique architecture and the important artifacts housed here has also appeared on postage stamps issued by the government of India. The museum houses various ancient archeological findings dating back to the Kushana and the Gupta Empire.

8. Govardhan Hill

places to visit in mathura

Govardhan Hill is located near the Vrindavan and is one of the major pilgrim spots for the Vaishnavites. The hill is mentioned in the ancient texts of the Hindus and was once lifted by lord Krishna to defeat Indra the god of Rain and thunder in Hindu Mythology. The story related to the legend of this pilgrim spot is pretty interesting and will lead you to explore more about the Hindu myths and legends. 

The holy town of Mathura in Uttar Pradesh is also famous for its special sweet dish called the ‘Peda’ and the city has been mentioned several times in the religious texts as one of the revered pilgrim sites for the Hindus. The above-mentioned places are a must visit as it provides the deep insight of the cultural and ancient historical relevance of Mathura.

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