Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple), Amritsar- India

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The Harmandir Sahib (Punjabi: ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ), also Darbar Sahib (Punjabi: ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ, Punjabi pronunciation: [dəɾbɑɾ sɑhɪb]) and informally referred to as the “Golden Temple”, is the holiest Sikh gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India. The city was founded in 1574 by the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das. The Harmandir Sahib was designed by the fifth guru, Guru Arjan, who had the cornerstone laid by the Muslim Sufi saint Sai Hazrat Mian Mir on 28 December 1588. Guru Arjan completed the Adi Granth, the holy scripture of Sikhism, in 1604 and installed it in the gurdwara. There are four doors to get into the Harmandir Sahib, which symbolise the openness of the Sikhs towards all people and religions. The present-day gurdwara was rebuilt in 1764 by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia with the help of other Sikh Misls. In the early nineteenth century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh secured the Punjab region from outside attack and covered the upper floors of the gurdwara with gold, which gives it its distinctive appearance and its English name.   The Harmandir Sahib literally means the Temple of God. Guru Amar Das had ordered Guru Ram Das to create a nectarous tank as a place for worship for the Sikh religion. Guru Ram Das instructed all his Sikhs to join in the work, under Bhai Budha’s superintendence, and engaged labourers to assist them. He said that the tank of nectar should be God’s home, and whoever bathed in it shall obtain all spiritual and temporal advantages. During the progress of the work, the hut in which the Guru first sheltered himself was expanded for his residence; it is now known as the Guru’s Mahal, or palace. In 1578 CE Guru Ram Das excavated a tank, which subsequently became known as Amritsar (Pool of the Nectar of Immortality), giving its name to the city that grew around it. In due course, the Harmandir Sahib, was built in the middle of this tank and became the supreme centre of Sikhism. Its sanctum came to house the Adi Granth comprising compositions of Sikh Gurus and other saints considered to have Sikh values and philosophies, e.g., Baba Farid, and Kabir. The compilation of the Adi Granth was started by the fifth guru of Sikhism, Guru Arjan. Golden Temple Top ViewGuru Arjan conceived the idea of creating a central place of worship for the Sikhs and designed the architecture of Harmandir Sahib. Earlier the planning to excavate the holy tank (Amritsar or Amrit Sarovar ) was chalked out by Guru Amar Das, the Third Sikh Guru, but it was executed by Guru Ram Das under the supervision of Baba Budha. The land for the site was acquired by the earlier Guru Sahibs on payment or free of cost from the Zamindars (landlords) of native villages. The plan to establish a town settlement was also made and the construction work on the Sarovar (the tank) and the town started simultaneously in 1570. The work on both projects was completed in 1577. In December 1588, Guru Arjan initiated the construction of the gurdwara and the foundation stone was laid by Hazrat Mian Mir on 28 December 1588.   Golden TempleBlue Star was a military operation undertaken between 3 June and 6 June 1984. The Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi ordered the Indian Army to launch the operation. The army, led by General Kuldip Singh Brar, willingly[citation needed], brought infantry, artillery and tanks into the Harmandir Sahib to put a stop to the Dharam Yudh Morcha led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. During the Dharam Yudh Morcha thousands of Sikhs courted arrest.[citation needed] Fierce fighting ensued between Sikhs and the army, with heavy casualties on both sides. The Harmandir Sahib complex also suffered much damage during the attack, especially the holy Akal Takht.[citation needed] Within six months, on 31 October 1984, Indira Gandhi’s Sikh bodyguards killed her. This attack is regarded by Sikhs, and the international human rights community[citation needed], as a desecration of Sikhism’s holiest shrine and discrimination against a minority in India. In 1986, the repairs performed on the Akal Takht Sahib after the attack, which the Rajiv Gandhi government had undertaken without consultation[citation needed], were removed. A new Akal Takht Sahib was completed in 1999 by Kar Sevaks (volunteers). golden-temple-attractions HD-Amritsar-Golden-Temple-Wallpapers diwali-golden-temple-PICS (8) Harmandir_Sahib_2015_copy Golden_Temple, Amritsar amritsar Roti making at the Golden Temple

Indian Sikh devotees pay their respects at The Sikh Shrine, the golden temple in Amritsar on April 13, 2011, on the eve of the Baisakhi festival. Baisakhi is an ancient harvest festival in the Punjab and Nepal region, which also marks the beginning of a new solar year and a new harvest season. AFP PHOTO/NARINDER NANU (Photo credit should read NARINDER NANU/AFP/Getty Images) [PNG Merlin Archive]

Indian Sikh devotees pay their respects at The Sikh Shrine, the golden temple in Amritsar on April 13, 2011, on the eve of the Baisakhi festival. Baisakhi is an ancient harvest festival in the Punjab and Nepal region, which also marks the beginning of a new solar year and a new harvest season. AFP PHOTO/NARINDER NANU (Photo credit should read NARINDER NANU/AFP/Getty Images) [PNG Merlin Archive]

Golden-Temple Harmandir Sahib

Prime Minister Narendra Modi during a visit to the Golden Temple in Amritsar

Prime Minister Narendra Modi during a visit to the Golden Temple in Amritsar

Golden Temple Top View amritsar Golden temple


Our address

Address:
Golden Temple Rd, Amritsar, Punjab 143006
GPS:
31.621076433923097, 74.87521970258967
Telephone:
0183 255 3957

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Monday:
3AM - 10 PM
Tuesday:
3AM - 10 PM
Wednesday:
3AM - 10 PM
Thursday:
3AM - 10 PM
Friday:
3AM - 10 PM
Saturday:
3AM - 10 PM
Sunday:
3AM - 10 PM

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