The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.
Based on a mark in an interior chamber naming the work gang and a reference to fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu, Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. Initially at 146.5 metres (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for more than 3,800 years. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There have been varying scientific and alternative theories about the Great Pyramid’s construction techniques. Most accepted construction hypotheses are based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place.
There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid. The lowest chamber is cut into the bedrock upon which the pyramid was built and was unfinished. The so-called Queen’s Chamber and King’s Chamber are higher up within the pyramid structure. The main part of the Giza complex is a setting of buildings that included two mortuary temples in honour of Khufu (one close to the pyramid and one near the Nile), three smaller pyramids for Khufu’s wives, an even smaller “satellite” pyramid, a raised causeway connecting the two temples, and small mastaba tombs surrounding the pyramid for nobles.
General Admission: (Includes admission to the area and to the following monuments which are open to the public:
Valley Temple of Khafre
Pyramid of Hetepheres (G1a)
Pyramid of Meret-ites (G1b)
Pyramid of Henut-sen (G1c)
Tomb of Idu
Tomb of Qar
Tomb of Seshemnefer
Tomb of Sennedjem-Ib
Tomb of Pa-sen
Tomb of Ka-em-ankh
Tomb of Nen-sedjer-ka
Tickets for the pyramid of Khufu, the pyramid of Khafre, and the Sound and Light Show must be purchased separately.)
Egyptian: 2 LE (Students: 1 LE)
Foreign: 50 LE (Students: 25 LE)
Pyramid of Khufu: Egyptian: 20 LE (Students: 10 LE)
Foreign: 100 LE (Students: 50 LE)
*Note that the pyramid of Khufu is closed from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM. Only 150 tickets are sold in the morning and another 150 after 1 PM
Pyramid of Khafre: Egyptian: 2 LE (Students: 1 LE)
Foreign: 25 LE (Students: 15 LE)
Pyramid of Menkaure: Currently closed.
Student rates available to bearers of a valid student ID from an Egyptian university or an International Student ID Card (ISIC)