Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City. It was established in 1754 as King’s College by royal charter of George II of Great Britain. Columbia is the oldest college in the state of New York and the fifth chartered institution of higher learning in the country, making it one of nine colonial colleges founded before the Declaration of Independence. After the American Revolutionary War, King’s College briefly became a state entity, and was renamed Columbia College in 1784. A 1787 charter placed the institution under a private board of trustees before it was renamed Columbia University in 1896 when the campus was moved from Madison Avenue to its current location in Morningside Heights occupying 32 acres (13 ha) of land. Columbia is one of the fourteen founding members of the Association of American Universities, and was the first school in the United States to grant the M.D. degree.
The university is organized into twenty schools, including Columbia College, the School of Engineering and Applied Science, and the School of General Studies. The university also has global research outposts in Amman, Beijing, Istanbul, Paris, Mumbai, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago, Asunción and Nairobi. It has affiliations with several other institutions nearby, including Teachers College, Barnard College, and Union Theological Seminary, with joint undergraduate programs available through the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, University College London, Sciences Po, City University of Hong Kong, and the Juilliard School.
Columbia administers annually the Pulitzer Prize. Notable alumni and former students (counting those from King’s College) include five Founding Fathers of the United States; nine Justices of the United States Supreme Court; 20 living billionaires; 29 Academy Award winners; and 29 heads of state, including three United States Presidents. Additionally, 104 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Columbia as students, researchers, faculty, or staff. Columbia is also second only to Harvard University in the number of Pulitzer Prize winning alumni and former students, with over 100 recipients as of 2015.
- Barack Obama
- Jack Kerouac
- Alicia Keys
- Sara Ali Khan
- Kate McKinnon
Areas of Study
Actuarial Science (School of Professional Studies)
Adult Learning and Leadership (Teachers College)
Advanced Architectural Design (Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation)
Advanced Policy and Economic Analysis Specialization
African Studies (Columbia College)
African Studies (School of General Studies)
African Studies, Certificate in (Graduate School of Arts & Sciences)
African-American Studies (Columbia College)
African-American Studies (Graduate School of Arts & Sciences)
African-American Studies (School of General Studies)
Africana Studies (Barnard College)
American Studies (Barnard College)
American Studies (Columbia College) More