How to reach Madrid, spain


Madrid, Spain’s central capital, is a city of elegant boulevards and expansive, manicured parks such as the Buen Retiro. It’s renowned for its rich repositories of European art, including the Prado Museum’s works by Goya, Velázquez and other Spanish masters. The heart of old Hapsburg Madrid is the portico-lined Plaza Mayor, and nearby is the baroque Royal Palace and Armory, displaying historic weaponry. The city is located on the Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its conurbation and extended suburbs and villages); this community is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and Castile-La Mancha. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political, economic and cultural centre of Spain. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from Ahora Madrid. The Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, environment, media, fashion, science, culture, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world’s major global cities. Madrid is home to two world-famous football clubs, Real Madrid and Atlético de Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, and market size, Madrid is considered the major financial centre of Southern Europe and the Iberian Peninsula; it hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, Iberia and Repsol. Madrid is the 17th most livable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2014 index. Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), belonging to the United Nations Organization (UN), the SEGIB, the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), and the Public Interest Oversight Board (PIOB). It also hosts major international regulators of Spanish: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish (Fundéu BBVA). Madrid organizes fairs such as FITUR, ARCO, SIMO TCI and the Cibeles Madrid Fashion Week. While Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets. Its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid; the Royal Theatre with its restored 1850 Opera House; the Buen Retiro Park, founded in 1631; the 19th-century National Library building (founded in 1712) containing some of Spain’s historical archives; a large number of national museums, and the Golden Triangle of Art, located along the Paseo del Prado and comprising three art museums: Prado Museum, the Reina Sofía Museum, a museum of modern art, and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, which completes the shortcomings of the other two museums. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become the monument symbol of the city.  

Urban sculpture of Madrid

The streets of Madrid are a veritable museum of outdoor sculpture. The Museum of Outdoor Sculpture, located in the Paseo de la Castellana, is dedicated to abstract works, among which the Sirena Varada (Strander Mermaid) by Eduardo Chillida. Since the 18th century, the Paseo del Prado is decorated with an iconographic program with classical monumental fountains: the Fuente de la Alcachofa (Fountain of the Artichoke), the Cuatro Fuentes (Four Fountains), the Fuente de Neptuno (Fountain of Neptune), the Fuente de Apolo (Fountain of Apollo) and the Fuente de Cibeles (Fountain of Cybele, also known as Fountain of Cibeles), all designed by Ventura Rodríguez. The equestrian sculptures are particularly important, starting chronologically with two designed in the 17th century: the statue of Philip III, in the Plaza Mayor by Giambologna, and the statue of Philip IV, in the Plaza de Oriente (undoubtedly the most important statue of Madrid, projected by Velázquez and built by Pietro Tacca with scientific advice of Galileo Galilei). Many areas of the Buen Retiro Park (Parque del Retiro) are really sculptural scenography: among them are The Fallen Angel by Ricardo Bellver, and the Monument to Alfonso XII, designed by José Grases Riera. In another vein are the neon advertising signs, some of which have acquired a historic range and are legally protected, such as Schweppes in Plaza de Callao or Tío Pepe in the Puerta del Sol, recently retired from its location for the restoration of the building.

Cervantes Monument at Plaza de España (Madrid) Monument to Alfonso XII (José Grasés Riera)
Bronze sculptures of Don Quixote and Sancho Panza at the Plaza de España (Madrid)

Monumento a Miguel de Cervantes, 1915

Jardines_del_Buen_Retiro_(Madrid)_01 1024px-Palacio_de_Cristal_-_02 Strander Mermaid (Eduardo Chillida) 1024px-Campo_del_Moro_(Madrid)_04 Philip IV (Pietro Tacca) Fountain of Neptune (Ventura Rodríguez) Fountain of Cybele (Ventura Rodríguez) 800px-El_oso_y_el_madroño_-_02 Casa_de_Campo_Lago y vista Fuente del Ángel Caído (Ricardo Bellver)

Points of interest in Madrid

  • Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas Airport
  • Madrid-Chamartín railway station
  • Madrid-Puerta de Atocha railway station
  • Estación Sur de Autobuses. Méndez Álvaro
  • Intercambiador de transporte Avenida de América
  • Intercambiador de Transporte de Plaza Castilla


Barajas International Airport

All flights to / from Madrid a rrive (depart) from Barajas International Airport.It has three terminals: Domestic flights (3), International flights (1), countries from Schengen
treatise (2).
• Information phones: 902 353 570; 34 91 305 83 43; 34 91 305 83 44; 34 91 305 83 45.
• Parking: 24 h., guarded. Price: 1.30€/hour; 11.35 €/24 hours
• Airport by Bus: regular line connecting airport and Plaza de Colón (see map of center of Madrid or detailed map ) every 10-15 min., from 5:45 am to 9:30 am. It take
s 1/2 to 3/4 or even 1 h if traffic jam. Tickets: 3€ approx. From Plaza de Colon you can connect any point of Madrid by Metro
• Taxis: typical price 20 € approx. Take a taxi only at the Taxi stand.
• Car: you may find any car rental office at the airport.
• Metro: Line 8 of the Metro ends at Barajas airport. Price: 0.95 €, single; 5 €, 10 tickets. Open from 6.00 am. to 1.30 am.


Trains coming from outside Spain and from the south, east and west arrive to Atocha. Trains coming from the north arrive to Chamartín railway station. Info telephone 902 24 02 02. You can reach Atocha and Chamartín by Metro (Atocha Renfe or Chamartín stops). Timetables, destinations and ticket prices can be found at the web page of RENFE.
This company also controls suburban trains (see map)


Bus transportation is the cheapest option to travel in Spain. The main bus station (long distances) is Estación Sur de autobuses, near Atocha railway station (Méndez Álvaro metro stop).


Madrid has six principal highways (N-I to N-VI) and two ring roads (inner:M-30, outer: M-40)
• I (Burgos). Also known as ‘Autovía del Norte’, connects Madrid with Burgos, Cantabria or País Vasco and it is the route to France.
• II (Barcelona). Connects Madrid with Guadalajara, Zaragoza, Barcelona and Costa Brava. It is also the way to travel to the south of France (La Junquera).
• III (Valencia). Connects Madrid with Cuenca, Albacete, Murcia and the mediterranean ci
ties Alicante (Costa Blanca), Valencia y Castellón (Costa del Azahar).
• IV (Andalucía). Connects Madrid with the south of Spain: Ciudad Real, Jaén, Córdoba, Sevilla, Granada, Almería, Málaga, Cádiz, Jerez de la Frontera, Tarifa and with some touristic destinations (Costa del Sol, Costa Cálida) as well as with Gibraltar and the ferries to travel to Marruecos.
• V (Extremadura). It is the route to travel to Talavera, Trujillo, Cáceres, Mérida, Badajoz, and to Portugal (Lisboa, Algarve). It is also an alternative to travel to west Andalucia.
• VI (A Coruña). Connects Madrid with the north-west cities: El Escorial, Segovia, Avila, Salamanca, Valladolid, Zamora, León, and Galicia, Asturias and the north of Portugal.
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